Types of Basement Floor Drains

Basements are rooms or spaces beneath the house, and they absorb water that drain from the above rooms. The inbuilt house drainage does not eliminate flooding possibilities and may not prevent water from seeping through the basement. Homes without proper basement drainage puts the house at risk of water flooding in the basement. This may cause havoc even to the structure of the building.

If you are building a house or a home, it is better to know your waterproof methods or deal with water problems. Here are some of the types of basement floor drains to help you keep the water drain properly without any effects.

Exterior Drain Tile

Exterior drain tile is installed around the outside of the perimeter of a foundation. This type of drain is more effective, and it collects groundwater before it can penetrate your basement. A drainage pipe is placed around the bottom of the walls during the construction of the foundation.

The exterior drain tile is not expensive to install during the initial construction. It can be accessible in case of repair and cheap to maintain. The exterior drain tile drains water away from the foundation to make it not penetrate the basement.

When installed after the house is constructed, it is so costly compared to being installed during the foundation. The sand must be removed deep enough to the footings. The cost of installation depends on the size of the foundation before the drain is installed.

The disadvantage of this drain is that it may clog or block over time if the contractor does not use fine gravel during installation.

Interior French Drain

The interior french drains are commonly used when basement water problems start to appear in existing homes. The interior french drain has a perforated pipe that drains water to a collection tank for reuse.

The interior french drain is located on the basement’s interior perimeter and lies below the floor level. The pipe must be surrounded by the gravel keeping the mud particles from penetrating. The trench is essential to containing the drainage pipe and the stone.

The cost of installation during basement construction is sufficient; a minimal amount of money will be added to the foundation bill. This does not support water clogging. The water is directly collected and channeled to a pit via a sump pump where it will be used for other purposes.

The whole process of installation of interior french drains is tiresome. Drilling down and breaking the floor area is hectic and expensive, depending on the floor area.

Floor Drains

The installation of floor drains done during the actual construction, used to drain away from the basement. The floor slopes gently towards the drains and goes out. The old constructed homes, drains were channeled into the sewer lines. This was risky because, in case of sewer clogging, the water may get back to the basement.

The disadvantage is that the floor drain will allow water back to the basement in case of clogging.


Basement drains are essential in your house or home. To eradicate water clogging and stagnation, you have to choose your preferred and pocket-friendly drainage system. A well-installed basement drain solves your water drainage problems.